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That time the Raptors and Leafs moved to the ACC

Posted by Chris Bateman / February 22, 2014

toronto raptorsIt was 15 years ago this week the Maple Leafs and Montreal Canadiens took the ice at the Air Canada Centre for the first time. The game was the first NHL outing for the Buds away their spiritual home, Maple Leaf Gardens, where they had won 11 of their 13 Stanley Cups.

How the Leafs wound up in a former mail sorting facility behind Union Station is a tale of basketball, buyouts, and, most importantly, big money. The tale starts in 1993 with the awarding of a lucrative NBA expansion franchise to Toronto businessman John Bitove.

toronto raptors"Hoop, hoop, horray!" read The Toronto Star headline. "It's unanimous! NBA gives approval to T.O. franchise." The 27-member board of the National Basketball Association had approved a return of pro-basketball to Canada almost 50 years after the short-lived Toronto Huskies folded in 1947. The cost to start the new team: $125 million (US.)

As owner of the as-yet unnamed Toronto team, one of Bitove's first challenges was to build an arena. The team had secured permission to play on the floor of the massive 29,000 capacity Skydome in during the 1995 season but after that the team planned to move to an arena at the southwest corner of Bay and Dundas, which was to be called Centre Court.

It was a good thing too: Fans in the 500 level, those closest to the roof of the cavernous Skydome, complained they could barely see the action on the wooden court some 70 metres below.

The $100 million Centre Court would seat 20,000 and have room for 150 corporate boxes, the team said.

maple leaf gardensMeanwhile, the Toronto Maple Leafs were bursting at the seams on Carlton Street. Maple Leaf Gardens had provided the backdrop for the team's biggest successes but the relatively small number of seats, lack of corporate boxes, and the associated loss of potential revenue were becoming a source of internal friction.

The two expansion teams that joined the National Hockey League in 2000, the Minnesota Wild and Columbus Blue Jackets, could both comfortably accommodate 2,000 more fans than the much-loved Leafs in newly built stadiums. The Gardens had been hastily thrown together in just over six months in 1931 and thousands of extra seats had been squeezed in over the decades, increasing capacity by a fifth but leaving little remaining space.

As Mark Osbaldeston wrote in his book Unbuilt Toronto 2: More of the City That Might Have Been, a stadium that could accommodate the soon-to-be Raptors and the Leafs made financial sense but the Bay and Dundas site was too small to accommodate both sports.

As a result, the Raptors bought the empty former Toronto central mail terminal, an old art deco building at Bay and Lake Shore. On the building's exquisite exterior, a series of 13 carvings by Louis Temporale Sr. depicted the history of communications in Canada.

air canada centreWith the purchase of the historic building - one of the first in the city to incorporate international style features - and a small patch of former railway lands, the Air Canada Centre was conceived. Canada's national carrier purchased the naming rights to the stadium for $30 million in 1995 and the Raptors planned to break ground on the project in November 1996, but a change of ownership would put paid to that.

Founder and president John Bitove was forced to sell his stake in the team to fellow shareholder Allan Slaight in a surprise "shotgun" agreement, giving Slaight 79% ownership. The newly empowered Slaight was in talks with construction tycoon and Leafs shareholder Larry Tanenbaum about the possibility of a stadium sharing agreement.

Slaight didn't see any major obstacles "as long as everybody [kept] an open mind."

The Leafs, meanwhile, were still trying hard to lure the Raptors away from the ACC, which the team believed would be too small for NHL hockey. The Buds were eyeing the possibility of new stadiums at the Exhibition grounds, near the Skydome, Varsity Stadium, and at Downsview.

Then the team did something few people saw coming.

toronto leafs unionOn April 17, 1997 the Leafs revealed plans to build an entirely new hockey arena a stone's throw from the Air Canada Centre, directly above the tracks of Union Station. The stadium would share the grand entrance of Toronto's railway terminal on Front Street and include a tower similar in design to one planned for the ACC.

Most importantly, the proposal did not foresee the Raptors as neighbours. Under the Leafs' plans, the postal station would be turned into a bus terminal and the basketball franchise moved under the same roof as the hockey team - too bad if the Raptors were already $80 million in the hole for the ACC and were obliged to be ready for the start of the 1999 NBA season.

As Osbaldeston wrote, the trouble was the Leafs didn't actually own the property the team planned to build on (and over.) Union Station was on land owned by the city and leased to the Canadian Pacific Railway and Canadian National Railway.

The two rail companies were locked in a dispute with the city over millions in unpaid rent. The Leafs offered to cover CPR and CNR's costs and pay an additional $50 million on top for the land rights. There were additional sweeteners, too.

The Leafs balked at a counter offer from the city that would have cost the team significantly more. In a last ditch effort to reverse its fortunes, full-page ads were printed in Toronto newspapers appealing for public support.

It wasn't to be, however, and the team turned its focus once again to a stadium at the Exhibition grounds that appeared to have the support of city.

toronto maple leafs unionIn early 1998, the Leafs deked in a new direction entirely and bought the Raptors and their unfinished Bay Street arena wholesale. The team initially clung to the idea of a grand entrance through Union Station on Front Street but eventually dropped that idea too.

The Air Canada Centre opened in 1999 with both the Raptors and Leafs best friends.

Chris Bateman is a staff writer at blogTO. Follow him on Twitter at @chrisbateman.

Images: Jim U/blogTO Flickr pool, Toronto Public Library, Toronto Star, Public Domain



W. K. Lis / February 22, 2014 at 08:03 am
Can the ACC accommodate an ice rink of the dimensions of a larger dimensioned Olympic sized ice rink?
Sean / February 22, 2014 at 09:57 am
@ W.K. Lis. Perhaps but there wouldn't be much room for the fans.

There is a reason why sport facilities are built smaller in Olympic wanna-be cities. MONEY! That way, more MONEY will be needed to build 'bigger' forums at the expense of taxpayers.
steve / February 22, 2014 at 11:56 am
and what a great time it is to be a raptors fan!
Otto replying to a comment from Sean / February 22, 2014 at 12:06 pm
Hey @sean take off your tinfoil hat. The Vancouver Olympics featured hockey on North American sized rinks.
Justin / February 22, 2014 at 01:02 pm
I'd like to see more posts on sports in Toronto. There's more to Toronto than food, amirite?
stopitman replying to a comment from W. K. Lis / February 22, 2014 at 01:12 pm
@W.K. Lis - the first bunch of rows at the ACC are removable, so it's conceivable they could, but the first bunch of rows would be at the glass or above it.

@Sean - the purpose of the ACC is basketball and NHL hockey. Vancouver was played on NHL sized ice. Get over it bud.
W. K. Lis replying to a comment from stopitman / February 22, 2014 at 02:32 pm
Too bad they don't use larger Olympic sized ice rinks during the outdoor venues. There would be plenty of space that would otherwise just stay empty.
howdydodee / February 23, 2014 at 11:28 pm
Yes, Gerry, but you could also guarantee downtown would have lost a tremendous asset by building all the way up at Downsview. The Leafs have always been downtown; keep 'em there! Downsview is the land of the shopping centre, gas station and Jack Astor's.
o.k. / February 24, 2014 at 10:34 am
The trouble with the Leafs hostile takeover of the Raptors and the ACC is that the Arena was technically "to small" from its inception. Sure there is enough suites and seats but for service people and all the inter workings of the Arena its quick to see the place was only built to house one team. From doing event and staging prep their in my days I can say its a cramped space in comparison to other modern buildings.
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