Maple Leaf Stadium Toronto

The history of Maple Leaf Stadium in Toronto

Toronto has always been an avid baseball town. The city opened its first official baseball stadium in 1886. Named The Toronto Baseball Grounds, it was located south of Queen Street East, between Broadview and the Don River.

Constructed entirely of wood, at a cost of $7,000, it was four storeys in height. Toronto's Maple Leaf team was part of the International League (minor league). The cost of admission to the games was 25 cents.

The last sporting event held in the park was in 1913, a football (soccer) match. The park was later known as Sunlight Park, named after the Sunlight Soap factory built by Lever Brothers in 1900-1901.

After the stadium was demolished, the land was redeveloped for other commercial purposes.

In 1897, the team relocated to a new wooden stadium at Hanlan’s Point on the Toronto Islands. The first ball flew across home plate in May of that year. Admission was now 50 cents, which included the return ferry fare across the bay.

The stadium at Hanlan’s burnt twice, in 1903 and again in 1909. When it reopened in 1910, it was a concrete structure that contained 18,000 seats.

The legendary Babe Ruth hit the first home run of his professional career in the stadium on September 5, 1914, the ball landing in Toronto Harbour.

Attendance at games eventually dropped due to the inconvenience of travelling across the harbour, especially on stormy days during early autumn and spring.

The Toronto team departed Hanlan’s Point for the mainland after the 1925 season. 

maple leaf stadium toronto

Maple Leaf Stadium on March 5, 1929, three years after it opened. Photo via Toronto Archives, Fonds 1251, Item 0465.

The new Maple Leaf Stadium was on Fleet Street, at the foot of Bathurst Street, on a site created by landfill.

The team president, Lol Solman, who was also the owner of the team, arranged the financing of the stadium by raising $300,000. Its architects were Chapman and Oxley, who also designed the Princes’ Gates and the Government Building at the CNE, where Medieval Times is now located.

Maple Leaf Stadium was a steel structure with solid concrete floors, containing 23,000 seats. By the time the structure was completed, the cost had risen to $750,000. It was soon nicknamed "The Fleet Street Flats." 

On opening day, Wednesday April 28, 1926, a prize was offered to the person whose estimate was the closest to the actual number of fans that attended.

Mayor Thomas Foster was to unfurl the Union Jack and former Mayor Tommy Church was to throw the first pitch. However, it had rained the previous night and as there was no sunshine on the day of the game to dry the field, the game was cancelled. The field was too soggy.

maple leaf stadium toronto

Baseball action at Maple Leaf Stadium in 1960. Photo via Toronto Archives.

The game was played the next day, with 12,871 fans in attendance. The Queen’s Own Rifles were present to play God Save the King. Mayor Foster threw the first pitch to former Mayor Tommy Church. The game that had been cancelled on April 28th because of rain was held on May 1st, as part of a double-header.

During the 1950s, several times the attendance at Maple Leaf Stadium attracted more people than any of the major league stadiums of the day.

In 1959, I attended an evening game and won a Trans Canada Airline shoulder-bag. This was prior to the airline changing its name to Air Canada.

maple leaf stadium toronto

Jack Kent Cooke and wife Jean in stands at Maple Leaf Stadium. Photo via Toronto Archives.

Jack Kent Cooke purchased the team in 1951. By this year, the stadium was in poor condition, as though it was owned by the Harbour Commission, its the upkeep was the financial responsibility of the team’s owner.

Cooke spent $57,000 renovating the stadium, and during the next few years, by employing many various promotional techniques and improving the team, the Maple Leafs prospered.

However, attendance dropped during the early-1960s, and Cook sold the team in 1964, the price reputed to be a mere $50,000.

The new owners struggled, but to no avail as fans were discontented with the minor league, preferring a major league team. The Maple Leafs were sold to an American investor in 1968, who moved the team to Louisville Kentucky, where they became the Louisville Colonels.

Maple Leaf Stadium was now without a team and was demolished in 1968, the same year the team departed Toronto.

Doug Taylor was a teacher, historian, author and artist who wrote extensively about Toronto history on tayloronhistory.com. This article first appeared on his site on November 2, 2015 and has been republished here with the permission of his estate. The article has been modified slightly.

Lead photo by

Toronto Archives, 1961


Join the conversation Load comments

Latest in Sports & Play

Toronto is getting pop-up playgrounds all around the city and they're for adults only

This is how people reacted to Penny Oleksiak's record-breaking Olympic medal win

100 essential patios in Toronto for summer

Toronto's newest coworking space is for people who like to hit the gym

People worried about getting stuck on rides at Wonderland after video goes viral

The top 15 patios on King West

Blue Jays tickets sell out fast for home opener and fans have complaints

Toronto Bike Life is the latest subculture to take to the streets and it's a sight to behold