toronto housing

Toronto ranked among top 5 least affordable housing markets in the world

In a new report that will shock absolutely no one, Toronto has been ranked among the five most expensive cities for real estate in the entire world, along with fellow notoriously pricey Canadian locale, Vancouver.

A new report, which looks at average income versus housing prices in a given place, found that housing affordability worldwide continued to deteriorate throughout the pandemic, with the Urban Reform Institute and Frontier Centre for Public Policy finding only four of the cities assessed could be fairly deemed "affordable" for their own residents.

Toronto, which came in at number five on the list, is considered to be "severely unaffordable," a category for those markets found to have a price-to-income ratio of 5.1 or more.

The city scored 9.9, compared to the worst offender, Hong Kong, which scored 20.7. Vancouver was ranked second at 13.0, followed by Sydney (11.8) and Auckland (10.0).

Toronto was also found to have the second largest jump from last year's numbers, up another 1.3 points, meaning that housing prices have risen dramatically, and median income in the city has not kept up.

Canada is the only country with two cities in the top five this year, though the U.S. has two in the top ten: San Francisco, at 9.6, and San Diego, at 8.0.

As the data indicates, the trend is not anything new, and has been ongoing —and worsening — for some time.

"The number of housing markets that have become severely unaffordable in the United States and Canada has grown steadily since 2004," it reads, adding that "housing affordability has deteriorated the equivalent of six years of annual household incomes in Toronto" from 2004 to 2020.

toronto housing

Toronto's housing affordability problem has worsened quicker and more dramatically than any other market analyzed in the continent. Chart from the Urban Reform Institute and Frontier Centre for Public Policy's Demographia International Housing Affordability report for 2021.

Over time, major cities around the globe have become untenably pricey for their average citizen, and the divide between metropolitan areas has also been widened.

"Before, there was relatively little difference in housing affordability measured against incomes among housing markets," the report says. 

"In Canada, the difference among the six major markets was 1.5 median multiple points in 1971, rose to 2.5 in the mid-2000s and is now 9.3, more than six times that of 1971... These trends have been more pronounced since the early 2000s."

Other stats have shown you now need to have an annual household income of at least $178,499 to afford to enter the Toronto market, with the average price for a detached home in the city now more than $1.5 million.

As prices continue to go up to ridiculously overvalued figures, some are still lying in wait for the bubble to burst, if that ever happens. With Toronto named the only North American city on the verge of a housing bubble late last year, anything is possible.

Lead photo by

Fareen Karim


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