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The lost amusement parks of Toronto

Posted by Chris Bateman / July 5, 2014

amusement parks torontoThere is something incredibly nostalgic about black-and-white photos of amusement parks from the 1900s. Wooden rollercoasters, hand-painted rides, delighted faces taking a dizzying ride on the Whip, eating red hots, or splashing down a log flume. Everyone dressed up for occasion--no shorts or flip-flops in sight no matter how hot it might have been.

In the heyday of waterfront amusement parks, Hanlan's Point was Toronto's Coney Island and Sunnyside its Blackpool Beach. As tastes changed and Torontonians found their kicks elsewhere, the city's parks fell on hard times and one by one disappeared, often leaving no trace of their existence save for a few dusty archival photographs.

Here is a roundup of five lost amusement parks we wish had stuck around.


toronto crow's beachThe mouth of the Humber River, in the 1870s some distance away from the central city, provided the location for some of Toronto's earliest amusements. Crow's Beach on the old Lake Shore Road was a cluster of hotels en route to Hamilton and Niagara that became an attraction in its own right.

According to Mike Filey in I Remember Sunnyside: The Rise & Fall of a Magical Era, a hotel run by John Duck called Wimbleton House featured a dancehall, bicycle track, a fishpond, a small zoo, swings, and a merry-go-round. Duck died in 1891, leaving the business to his widow, Catherine Crow, who continued until 1912 when a fire finished off the attractions for good.

The waterfront site was later occupied by the Palace Pier, an off-shore dancehall that the owners had hoped would feature ice skating, dancing, games of chance, a theatre, and shops.


toronto diving horseToday, the ferry dock at Hanlan's Point betrays little of what used to await disembarking passengers. From the late 1880s into the 1920s, the western tip of the Toronto Island was home to a wild amusement park packed with rides like dodgems, rollercoasters, swings, and even dubious attractions such as diving horses and a freak show--"the great and only museum of living curiosities."

The popular summer attraction spawned from Hanlan's Hotel, a large accommodation built by champion sculler Edward Hanlan, the son of the early settler for whom the area is named. A large athletic field at the northern part of the point was where a young Babe Ruth hit his first professional home run in 1914.

Hanlan's, faced with competition from mainland attractions like Sunnyside, went into decline in the 1920s before vanishing entirely. Today, the Toronto Island airport and the ferry dock occupy the former site.


toronto sunnysideIn its heyday, Sunnyside amusement park was the most popular pleasure park in the city. Opened in 1922 on a strip of sandy artificial waterfront near King, Queen, and Roncesvalles, its rides included the Aero Swing, a merry-go-round, bumper cars, a whip, and a lightning-fast wooden rollercoaster called the Sunnyside Flyer, which was capable of reaching a terrifying 90 km/h.

Later, the TTC offered free streetcar rides to the park's massive pool--nicknamed "The Tank"--such was the popularity of the giant bathing area.

Sunnyside died a slow death: visitors declined as cars allowed potential visitors to reach more exotic locations and construction of the Gardiner Expressway required the demolition of several of its principal buildings in the 1950s. Metro Chairman Fred Gardiner wasn't a fan of preserving the park. "We can't have this honky-tonk at the main entrance to the city on both sides of the main expressway. It should be completely cleared away," he said. The park closed for good in the late 1950s after a series of fires, though some of it assets, like the Gus Ryder Outdoor Pool, still survive.


An altogether more sedate proposition than its rivals, Victoria Park specialized in sedate pastimes and bucolic scenery. Starting in 1878, downtown ferries began arriving at the foot of the city avenue that still bears the park's name, lured by the promise of dancing, waterfront strolls, a small zoo, and gentle rides on a steam-powered carousel.

Other attractions included donkey rides, a scenic lover's walk, bicycle races, ascensions in tethered gas balloons, and tightrope-walking displays. Victoria Park was bought out in 1899 and later served as a camp ground and outdoor school. The city bought the land in 1927 and later used it as the location for the R. C. Harris Water Treatment Plant.


toronto scarborough beachThe fourth of the major Toronto amusement parks from the halcyon days of the early 1900s, Scarborough Beach Amusement Park was located on the south side of Queen Street, a few blocks east of Kew Gardens.

Though not remembered as fondly as Hanlan's or Sunnyside, Scarborough Beach did brisk trade thanks to its excellent streetcar connections. The main attraction was a roughly 20 to 30 metre log flume called "Shoot the Chutes" that plunged riders into a pool of water, a "Whirl of Pleasure," a wooden rollercoaster, and something called "The Tickler," tagline: "It's a scream from start to finish."

The park, operated in later years by the Toronto Railway Company, a private streetcar company, closed in 1925 when TRC became part of the Toronto Transit Commission and the latter balked at maintaining the attraction. The land was sold to property developers and is now home to several streets, one of which is named after the park and is built on top of its former driveway.

Chris Bateman is a staff writer at blogTO. Follow him on Twitter at @chrisbateman.

Images: City of Toronto Archives



W. K. Lis / July 5, 2014 at 08:07 am
Replacing Sunnyside Amusement Park (and the houses located west of the CNE) with the Gardiner Expressway was a great improvement... NOT!!!
Phil / July 5, 2014 at 01:25 pm
Sunnyside actually continued for a while after the Gardiner was constructed, although it certainly contributed to its demise. Interesting that *none* of these amusement parks survived the 20th century and even Ontario Place is gone now.

I would love to see the Sunnyside Pavilion restored and the boardwalk near it turned into something like Pier 39 in San Fran with restaurants, arcades, museums, shops, etc.
C / July 5, 2014 at 11:53 pm
"A few dusty archival photographs" - that sort of phrase really gets my goat! I know that BlogTO writers use archival photos extensively, and I think that's wonderful, but the idea that archives (and their holdings) are "musty" or "dusty," "buried" or "forgotten" is a pervasive and unfortunate stereotype.

BlogTO writers will know better than most people that archival material is not, in fact, dusty or forgotten. Our city archivists, and archivists at many other institutions, work hard (and often on a shoestring budget) to acquire, arrange, and make available historic resources. Generally, archives are extremely clean, as cleanliness is important with respect to the preservation of archival materials.

And the contents of archives are not forgotten. Sometimes a user will encounter something amazing, and claim to have "discovered" it. They may, indeed, be the first person to publish or publicize that information, but usually it was never lost or forgotten - it was accounted for by the archivist, not languishing in some mouldy hovel.

Some have attempted to tackle this stereotype with humour: Others have taken a more explanatory approach: In any case, I'll disclose that I'm an archivist (surprise, surprise, right?) and will get off my soapbox...
Steeplejack replying to a comment from C / July 7, 2014 at 08:30 am
Bravo C! Thanks for sticking up for archives!
tim krug / July 11, 2014 at 10:10 pm
Lakeside park in Fond du lac still has a whip in use today, the whip dates back to the 1900s,
Adrian replying to a comment from Phil / February 8, 2015 at 01:20 am
Wishful thinking. There is simply no money to be made for the most part. The place would be closed half the year during winter.
unclebuck / February 8, 2015 at 07:03 pm
Growing up in Toronto I remember going to Centerville on the Toronto island.Is it still there.
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